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Address:No.6(H),People road,Guomeng town,Yandu district,Yancheng,Jiangsu,China


Chemical properties (GG17 GLASS)

The chemical resistance of TIANDI exceeds that of most metals and other materials even where long exposure times and temperatures in excess of 100ˇăC are involved. Exposure to water and acids only results in the leaching out of very small amounts of mainly univalent ions from the glass. The resultant very thin layer of silica with few pores in it that is formed on the surface inhibits further attack TIANDI has very high resistance to attack by water, neutral and acid salt solutions, strong acids and mixtures thereof, and also chlorine, bromine, iodine and organic substances. Only hydrofluoric acid, solutions containing fluorides such as ammonium fluoride, very hot phosphoric acid and strongly alkaline solutions attack the surface of the glass to an increasing extent at higher concentrations and temperatures.

Chemical Durability

Contact Chemical
Loss in Wt.Mg/M 2
Water distilled at 100ˇăC
Water vapour steam at 121ˇăC
Acid HCl
80% H2SO4 at 130ˇă C
Alkali 1 N Soln of Na2CO3 Boiling

Physical properties (GG17 GLASS)

A feature of TIANDI, which makes it especially suitable for laboratory use, is its thermal resistance, the following individual properties being of particular validity.

Temperature resistance on being heated up and thermal shock resistance
The maximum permissible operating temperature for TIANDI is 500ˇăC. Above a temperature of 525ˇăC the glass begins to ˇ°softenˇ±, i.e. it begins to change from the solid state to the viscous state. TIANDI not only has a high resistance to chemical attack but it also has a very low coefficient of expansion and, as a result, a high resistance to thermal shock. This thermal shock resistance exceeds that of ordinary glass by a factor of three. That means that any change from hot to cold can be handled very well. The linear coefficient of expansion of TIANDI (20/300ˇăC) is 3.3 ˇ¤ 10-6/K. That means that for an increase in temperature of 1000 C0 the glass only expands by 3.3 ˇ¤ 10-6 relative units of length. That is so little that hardly any stress is set up in the glass and the glass does not break when, for example, boiling water is poured into it.

Temperature resistance at freezing temperatures
TIANDI can be cooled down to the maximum possible negative temperature. That means that TIANDI is also suitable for use in liquid air (approx. -192ˇăC). In general DURAN products are recommended for use down to -70ˇăC. When cooling down and thawing care must be taken to avoid a temperature difference of more than 100K. When freezing substances in such items as bottles or test tubes, the container should only be filled to a maximum of of its capacity and it must be frozen on the slant (45ˇăC).

Use in the microwave
TIANDI is suitable for use in microwaves (under suggestion).

Percentage by weight







Thermal properties

As the thermal expansion coefficient of Borosilicate glass is low, the thermal stress is under a given temperature gradient are consequently low and the glass can withstand higher temperature gradients and also sudden temperature changes/thermal shocks.

Coefficient of Linear Expansion

32.5 x 10 ¨C70 C

Strains Point

515ˇă C

Annealing Point

565ˇă C

Softening Point

820ˇă C

Specific Heat


Thermal conductivity (Cal/Cm3 /C/Sec)


The "Strain Point" should be regarded as the maximum safe operating temperature of TIANDI
glassware. When heated above 500ˇă C the glass may acquire permanent stresses on cooling.

Optical properties (GG17 GLASS)

TIANDI exhibits no significant absorption in the visible range of the spectrum(GG17 GLASS). This means that the appearance of TIANDI is clear and colorless. In the approx. 310-2200nm range of the spectrum the absorption of TIANDI is negligibly low. For work with light-sensitive substances the surface of the glass can be tinted brown with a diffusion color. This results in strong absorption in the short-wave region. For work with light-sensitive substances the surface of the glass can be tinted brown with a diffusion color. This results in strong absorption in the short-wave region. The absorption margin for tinted glass is at about 500nm.
In photochemical processes the light transmission of TIANDI in the ultraviolet range is of particular importance. The degree of transmission in the UV range shows that photochemical reactions, for example chlorinations and sulfochlorinations, can be carried out. The chlorine molecule absorbs in the 280ˇŞ400nm range and thus serves as a carrier of the radiation energy.

All illustration is supplied by YANCHENG TIANDI GROUP CO.,LTD

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YANCHENG TIANDI INTERNATIONAL TRADE CO.,LTDˇˇAddress: No.6(H),People road,Guomeng town,Yandu district,Yancheng,Jiangsu,China